Located on Maburi Mountain (also called Red Mountain) of northwest of Lhasa, the capital city of Tibet. The Potala Palace is a magnificent architectural complex of palaces and it was built by Songzan Ganbu, the King of Tubo Dynasty of Tibet, to get married with princess Wencheng of Tang Dynasty. After being rebuilt in 17th century, this palace became the dwelling place of Dalai Lamas.
This grand palace is built on the mountain and has a distinct Tibetan style. The maintaining for The Potala Palace was completed in 1994 and the palace was rated in World Heritage List in the same year. Since then the magnificent palace was presented on “the roof of the world”.
|What to See/Do:||White Palace: The White Palace is sprinkled with white building materials, hence its name “White Palace”. This seven – floor palace is the living place of Dalai Lamas. On the top floor is their living room called “sunshine palace”, where part of the roof is open to sky and sunlight can shine into the room, hence its name “sunshine palace”. The sunshine palace is divided into two sections; one is “west sunshine palace”, the living room of the 13th Dalai Lama and the other one is “east sunshine palace”, the living room of the 14th Dalai Lama. The “sunshine palace” was also the place for them to handle officially fairs. Only high rank monks and laymen are allowed to enter the “sunshine palace”. On the fifth and the sixth floors are used for living and handling official fairs. On the fourth floor you can see the largest palace, Cuoqinsha (namely Dongda Palace), in White Palace. Dongda Palace is 27.8 meters long and 25.8 meters wide. Inside the palace you can see Dalai’s throne and a plaquette, on which inscriptions from Emperor Tongzhi of Qing Dynasty are carved. Important activities such as enthronement ceremony and leading ceremony were held in Cuoqinsha. At the east hillside is a broad square, on which drama play and outdoor activities are held. In addition, at south and north of the square is a monk official school.
Red Palace: The Red Palace is sprinkled with red building materials, hence its name “Red Palace”. Many scripture halls and Buddhist halls were built around stupas of Dalai Lama; therefore the Red Palace is united with “White Palace”. The architectures in the “Red Palace” are mainly five stupas of Dalai Lamas, whereby the biggest hall is 5th Dalai’s stupa called “Cuoqinlu”. The whole “Cuoqinlu” is six meters high and covers an area of 725.7 square meters. There are 698 frescos in “Cuoqinlu”, most of the frescos are concerned with 5th Dalai’s life stories.
Fresco, Color Paintings and Wood Carvings: Inside The Potala Palace are frescos, color paintings and wood carvings for you to have a better understanding of Tibet cultures. These cultural relics can be seen everywhere and have presented rich Tibet cultures and history to public.
|Duration:||2 – 3 hours|
|Admission:||From May 1 to Oct 31: 200RMB
From Nov 1 to Apr 30: 100RMB
|Address:||No. 35, Beijing Zhonglu, Chengguan District, Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region|
|Opening time:||09:00 – 12:00; 15:30 – 16:30|
|Public transport:||Take bus No. 8 and get off at Yaowangshan Nongmao Shichang.|