The Bund is the most renowned place in Shanghai and a good place to stay cool in the summer. The tall buildings surrounding the Bund have seen many historical events and the atmosphere of the night scene there attracts lots of young people.
The Bund is located at the bank of Huangpu River, Huangpu District of Shanghai. Also called East of Zhongshan No 1 Road, The Bund was once a British and a French concession during the period of the Republic of China (1912 – 1949), and is the political, economical, commercial and cultural center of foreign concessions in Shanghai (most consulates were gathered here.) The Bund was truly a cultural melting pot and is now regarded as the beginning of modern Shanghai.
|Layout:||The Bund is 1.5 km long in total. To the east of The Bund is the Huangpu River; to the west are 52 tall buildings of different styles including Gothic, Roman, Baroque and styles combining Chinese and Western elements. Those buildings are called “international architecture exhibitions” and have become a symbol of Shanghai. To the east of Huangpu River are the landmark buildings: the Oriental Pearl Tower and Jin Mao Tower, which are the must – see areas for tourists.|
|History:||The Bund was originally a deserted stretch of shallow waterfront area. Along this area was a narrow mud road that was exclusively used by boatmen to tow boats. To the west of the shallow were farmlands where thatched cottages were scattered in.
In 1843, the British imperialists divided the river surface of The Bund as their anchorage segment.
In 1845, the 55.3 hectares lands at the west of The Bund were divided into British concession.
Since the British concession, more and more foreign firms were set up at the south of the British consulate.
In 1848, the track road along the Huangpu River was rebuilt as the 18 – meter– wide road, wharfs, warehouses and shipyard were built at the east of the road.
From 1854 to 1941, over 10 foreign banks and Chinese banks were set up at The Bund. Since then it has become the financial center of Shanghai, and was called “the Oriental Wall Street”. The houses at The Bund were previously built with only two or three floors.
|What to See/Do:||Huangpu Park: The Huangpu Park was built in 1886. It is the earliest European-style park in Shanghai. The park recorded a humiliating period of history for the Chinese; it was exactly the site where Chinese people and dogs were prohibited entrance. The Monument to the People’s Heroes of Shanghai stands in the park, under which the Bund History Memorial Hall records the tumultuous struggles of the Chinese nation.
Garden Bridge of Shanghai: The world-famous Garden Bridge of Shanghai is a landmark architecture in old Shanghai. It is located to the west of Huangpu Park, on the Suzhou River. The steel bridge is 52.16 meters long and 18.3 meters wide. Due to its publicity, many movies and television shows have been, and still are, produced here.
Cheng Yi Square: Located at the end of Nanjing road is the sculpture of Chen Yi, the first Shanghai mayor for New China. The sculpture is made of bronze and is 5.6 meters tall; it shows Chen Yi’s modest work attitude of during inspections. Each weekend music concerts are held here, demonstrating the leisurely lifestyle of Shanghai people.
Sightseeing Tunnel: The sightseeing tunnel is a passage connecting The Bund and the Oriental Pearl Tower in the Pudong area. Tourists can take an enclosed sightseeing vehicle to experience the illusion of “navigating across the earth” in a few minutes.
|Address:||East of Zhongshan No. 1 Road, Huangpu District, Shanghai|
|Opening time:||The Bund is open the whole day|
|Public transport:||Nanjing Donglu Station on subway line 2 or line 10; take bus No. 5, 20, 26, 37, 42, 55, 65, 135, 145, 868 or 921|